Friday, June 21, 2013

1306.4920 (Mariusz Tarnopolski)

Nonlinear time series analysis of Hyperion's rotation: photometric observations and numerical simulations    [PDF]

Mariusz Tarnopolski
The case of Hyperion has been studied excesively due to the fact it is the largest known celestial body of a highly aspherical shape. It also has a low mass density and remains in a 4:3 orbital resonance with Titan. Its lightcurve, obtained through photometric observations by (Klavetter 1989a,b), was initialy used to show that Hyperion's rotation exhibits no periodicity. Herein it is analyzed in the means of time series analysis. The Hurst Exponent was estimated to be H=0.87, indicating a persistent behaviour. The largest Lyapunov Exponent $\lambda_{max}$ unfortunately could not be given a reliable estimate because of the shortness of the dataset, consisting 38 observational points. These results are compared with numerical simulations, which gave a value H=0.88 for the chaotic zone of the phase space. The Lyapunov time $T_{Lyap}=1/\lambda_{max}$ is about 30 days, which is roughly 1.5 times greater than the orbital period. By conducting observations over a longer period an insight in the dynamical features of the present rotational state is possible.
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