Wednesday, May 29, 2013

1305.6548 (Elisabeth R. Adams et al.)

Adaptive Optics Images II: 12 Kepler Objects of Interest and 15 Confirmed Transiting Planets    [PDF]

Elisabeth R. Adams, Andrea K. Dupree, Craig Kulesa, Don McCarthy
All transiting planet observations are at risk of contamination from nearby, unresolved stars. Blends dilute the transit signal, causing the planet to appear smaller than it really is, or produce a false positive detection when the target star is blended with an eclipsing binary. High spatial resolution adaptive optics images are the best way of resolving undetected contaminants. Here we present companions and detection limits for 12 Kepler candidates, of which 4 have companions within 4 arcsec. One system (KOI 1537) consists of two similar-magnitude stars separated by 0.1 arcsec, while KOI 174 has a companion at 0.5 arcsec. In addition, observations were made of 15 transiting planets that were previously discovered by other surveys. The only companion found within 1 arcsec of a known planet is the previously identified companion to WASP-2b. An additional four systems have companions between 1-4 arcsec: HAT-P-30b (3.7 arcsec, Delta Ks = 2.9), HAT-P-32b (2.9 arcsec, Delta Ks = 3.4), TrES-1b (2.3 arcsec, Delta Ks = 7.7), and WASP-P-33b (1.9 arcsec, Delta Ks = 5.5), some of which have not been reported previously. Depending on the spatial resolution of the transit photometry for these systems, these companion stars may require a reassessment of the planetary parameters derived from transit light curves. For all systems observed, we report the limiting magnitudes of additional objects located 0.1-4 arcsec from the target.
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