Tuesday, June 18, 2013

1306.3675 (L. Saul et al.)

Solar wind reflection from the lunar surface: The view from far and near    [PDF]

L. Saul, P. Wurz, A. Vorburger, D. F. Rodríguez M., S. A. Fuselier, D. J. McComas, E. Möbius, S. Barabash, Herb Funsten, Paul Janzen
The Moon appears bright in the sky as a source of energetic neutral atoms (ENAs). These ENAs have recently been imaged over a broad energy range both from near the lunar surface, by India's Chandrayaan-1 mission (CH-1), and from a much more distant Earth orbit by NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) satellite. Both sets of observations have indicated that a relatively large fraction of the solar wind is reflected from the Moon as energetic neutral hydrogen. CH-1's angular resolution over different viewing angles of the lunar surface has enabled measurement of the emission as a function of angle. IBEX in contrast views not just a swath but a whole quadrant of the Moon as effectively a single pixel, as it subtends even at the closest approach no more than a few degrees on the sky. Here we use the scattering function measured by CH-1 to model global lunar ENA emission and combine these with IBEX observations. The deduced global reflection is modestly larger (by a factor of 1.25) when the angular scattering function is included. This provides a slightly updated IBEX estimate of AH = 0.11 +/- 0.06 for the global neutralized albedo, which is 25 % larger than the previous values of 0.09 +/- 0.05, based on an assumed uniform scattering distribution.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.3675

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