Thursday, May 9, 2013

1305.1643 (Wei Wang et al.)

Ground-based detections of thermal emission from the dense hot Jupiter WASP-43b in H and Ks-bands    [PDF]

Wei Wang, Roy van Boekel, Nikku Madhusudhan, Guo Chen, Gang Zhao, Thomas Henning
We report new detections of thermal emission from the transiting hot Jupiter WASP-43b in the H and Ks-bands as observed at secondary eclipses. The observations were made with the WIRCam instrument on the CFHT. We obtained a secondary eclipse depth of 0.103$_{-0.017}^{+0.017}%$ and 0.194$_{-0.029}^{+0.029}%$ in the H and Ks-bands, respectively. The Ks band depth is consistent with previous measurement in the narrow band centered at 2.09um by Gillon et al. (2012). Our eclipse depths in both bands are consistent with a blackbody spectrum with a temperature of ~1850 K, slightly higher than the dayside equilibrium temperature without day-night energy redistribution. Based on theoretical models of the dayside atmosphere of WASP-43b, our data constrain the day-night energy redistribution in the planet to be $\lesssim 15-25$%, depending on the metal content in the atmosphere. Combined with energy balance arguments our data suggest that a strong temperature inversion is unlikely in the dayside atmosphere of WASP-43b. However, a weak inversion cannot be strictly ruled out at the current time. Future observations are required to place detailed constraints on the chemical composition of the atmosphere.
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